Romania’s geographical position in Europe
With an area of 238,391 square kilometers (91843 square miles) , she is located in the SE of Central Europe, more exactly, in the north of Balkan Peninsula. Romania lies between 43 ° 37 ’07”and 48 ° 15′ 06” north latitude and 20 ° 15 ’44”and 29 ° 41′ 24”east longitude. Parallel 45 ° (midway between the Equator and North Pole) crosses Romania 70 km north of the capital and meridian 25 ° east longitude (midway between the Atlantic coast and the Urals) runs 90 km west of Bucharest.
Romania’s neighbors to the north and east are the Republic of Ukraine and Moldova, on the west Hungary, south-west Serbia, Bulgaria to the south and south-eastern Black Sea. Two thirds of the border is crossed by rivers like Danube, Prut, Tisa and seaside (Black Sea) and one third is represented by land.
For those that visited Romania, they can say that nature was very generous with this land, giving not only varied landscape but also well distributed, with towering mountains, plains, Black Sea and beyond.
The landscape is arranged in three major levels which are very well-differentiated: the highest representatives are the Carpathian Mountains, the middle are Subcarpathians and hills and plateaus, and the lowest one of the plains are the rivers and Delta.
Rivers are arranged in radial form, 98% from them flowing from the Carpathians and shedding directly or through other rivers in the Danube. The second longest river in Europe, the Danube (2860 km), is 1075 km in Romania. It flows into the Black Sea through three arms (Chilia, Sulina and Sf Gheorghe) which form a delta. The main rivers are: Mures (761 km in Romania), Prut (742 km in Romania), Olt (615 km), Siret (559 km in Romania), Ialomita (417 km), Somes (376 km in Romania ), Arges (350 km).
In Romania there are many lakes (about 3500) but not all are large. Unfortunately only a percentage of 0.9% are lakes with an area of over 1 km square.
The last census was held in 2002, when it was stated that Romania had 21.5 million inhabitants.
Density (1998): 94.5 inhabitants / sq km, almost the same as in Austria or Slovenia, ranked 74th place in the world and 26th in Europe.
Ethnic structure: According to the census from date of January 7, 1992 Romania’ s population was 22,810,035 of whom 20,408,542 (89.4%) Romanians and 2,401,493 (10.6%) ethnic minorities. From the total of 1,624,959 of ethnic minorities (7.1% of total population) were Hungarians, 401,087 (1.7%) Gypsies 119.462 (0.5%) Germans, 65,764 (0.3%) Ukrainians, 8955 (0 , 04%) Hebrew.
Bucharest is Romania’s capital and at the same time, the largest city, industrial and commercial center of the country. Population of 1,944, 367 inhabitants (1 January 2009) shows that Bucharest is the sixth city in population in the EU.